Jewish Holiday Dates
(Jewish Year 5777-5778)
Rosh Hashanah (September 21-22)
Yom Kippur (September 30)
Sukkot (October 5-11)
Atzeret - Simchat Torah (October 13)
Chanukah (December 13-20)
Purim (March 12)
Pesach (April 11-18)
Yom Hashoah (April 24)
Yom Haatzma-Ut (May 2)
Shavuot (May 31- June 1)
Tishah B'av (August 1)
Rosh Hashanah is the Day of Trumpets. It is widely celebrated in the Jewish world as the civil new year, and is the entranceway into the ‘Days of Awe.’ The blasts of the shofar are our wake-up call to repent before it is too late. Even those of us who have received salvation need to be shaken out of our complacency and pushed to higher levels in Messiah. As believers though, we are desperately awaiting that time when the Lord Himself will return to this Earth. Scripture states in 1Thessalonians 4:16-17 that the “Lord himself will come down from heaven with a rousing cry, with a call from one of the ruling angels, and with God’s shofar; those who died united with the Messiah will be the first to rise; then we who are left still alive will be caught up with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air; and thus we will always be with the Lord.”
Yom Kippur is considered to be the holiest day in the Jewish calendar, after Shabbat. This is the day in which we make atonement for our sins before the Lord. This is the day of somber reflection, prayer and fasting. In ancient Israel, after the high priest sacrificedthe bull and goat for the sins of the people, a second goat, known as the scapegoat, was taken by the high priest. He would lay both hands on its head and confess over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites and put them on the goat’s head. He would then send the goat away into the desert to a solitary place. (Leviticus 16:20-22).
Sukkot, or the Feast of Tabernacles, is the most joyous celebration of all. The Lord commanded the Israelites to build booths and live in them for seven days: “All native-born Israelites are to live in booths so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.” (Leviticus 23:42-43) We are also commanded to “take choice fruit from the trees, and palm fronds, leafy branches and poplars, and rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days.” (Leviticus 23:40) Sukkot is the ingathering; it’s the time to remember how the Lord provided for us as we wandered in the desert for 40 years. Prophetically, though, Sukkot points us to the time when God will dwell with us in the holy city, Yerushalayim. “(Jerusalem) This is what the Lord says: ‘I will return to Tsiyon and dwell in Yerushalayim.
Simchat Torah, Hebrew for "rejoicing in the law", celebrates the completion of the annual reading of the Torah (1st 5 books of the Bible). Simchat Torah is a joyous festival in traditional Judaism, in which the Jewish people affirm their view of the Torah as a tree of life and demonstrate a living example of never-ending, lifelong study.
Chanukah, also known as the Festival of Lights, or Feast of Dedication, refers to the joyous eight-day celebration during which Jewish people commemorate the victory of the Macabees over the armies of Syria in 165 B.C.E. and the subsequent liberation and "rededication" of the holy Temple in Jerusalem. The modern home celebration of Chanukah centers around the lighting of the chanukiah, a special menorah for Chanukah; unique foods, latkes and jelly doughnuts; and special songs and games.
Purim is the celebration of the story of Esther. Under the rule of King Ahashuerus, Haman, the King's prime minister, plots to exterminate all of the Jews of Persia. His plan is foiled by Queen Esther and her uncle Mordechai, who ultimately save the Jews of the land from destruction.
Passover is a Jewish holy day and festival commemorating God sparing the Jews when He killed the first born of Egypt. Followed by the seven day Feast of the Unleavened Bread commemorating the Exodus from Egypt and the liberation of the Israelites from slavery. Propheticly this feast commemorates the substitutionary death of Yeshua/ Jesus as the Passover Lamb.
Yom HaShoah, also known as Holocaust Remembrance Day. Shoah, which means catastrophe or utter destruction in Hebrew, refers to the atrocities that were committed against the Jewish people during World War II. This is a memorial day for those who died in the Shoah. The Shoah (also known as the Holocaust, from a Greek word meaning "sacrifice by fire").
Shavuot celebrates the children of Israel’s experience of God's presence and revelation at Sinai. It was there that God created a nation set apart for Himself. He revealed Himself, and through the giving of the “law” he taught how to live as a redeemed community, a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. (Ex. 19:6) The presence of God on that day was attended with great supernatural events: "the mountain shook violently, the ram's horn blew louder and louder, there were flashes of lightening, smoke rose upon the mountain and God spoke in the thunder." (Ex. 19:18,19) Shavuot is one of the three "pilgrimage" festivals and a special Sabbath - a day of no work and holy assembly. The first fruits of the harvest were to be brought before the Lord as an offering and all the men of Israel were to come to the Temple in Jerusalem. As the Jewish people celebrate this feast year after year, they recount the awesome events that took place at the foot of Mt. Sinai. It is what defines them as a people. Therefore it was not by chance that God chose Shavuot, more commonly called Pentecost among Christians, for that miraculous event that happened 7 weeks following Yeshua's last Passover.
Tishah B'Av, which means the "Ninth of Av", refers to a traditional day of mourning the destruction of both ancient Temples in Jerusalem. Tishah B'Av has been transformed into a day to remember many Jewish tragedies that have mysteriously occurred on that date.
587 BCE (3338)
The First Temple was destroyed by the Babylonians under the rulership of Nebuchadnezzar.
70 CE (3830)
The Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans under the leadership of Titus.
135 CE (3895)
The Romans conquered Bar Kochba's last fortress, Betar, and destroyed his army. The Roman Emperor Hadrian turned Jerusalem into a Roman city.
King Edward 1st of England signed an edict expelling all Jews from England.
Jews were expelled from Spain.
The last Jews left Vienna, following expulsion orders.
World War I began (Germany declared war on Russia on August 1, 1914).
Himler presented his plan for the "Final Solution" to the Jewish problem to the Nazi Party.
Nazis began deporting of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto.